What was the significance of the battles to the outcome of World War I?
The Battle of the Somme (French: Bataille de la Somme, German: Schlacht an der Somme), also known as the Somme Offensive, was a battle of the First World War fought by the armies of the British and French empires against the German Empire. It took place between 1 July and 18 November 1916 on both sides of the upper reaches of the River Somme in France. The battle was intended to hasten a victory for the Allies and was the largest battle of the First World War on the Western Front. More than one million men were wounded or killed, making it one of the bloodiest battles in human history.
The biggest, most costly in terms of dead troops battles on the Western Front of WWI (1914-1918), and the biggest waste of life and material. At Verdun the French sought to 'hold the gate to France shut' at Verdun fortress. Except it was never the 'gate' to France, the French could have evacuated it and taken up better positions to the west. Instead they and the Germans each lost 1 million killed. The Somme was a British affair. The British land army having traversed 'Flanders Fields' in Belgium (closest to Britain) was supposed to major attack east along the Somme River valley of NE France to ...nowhere, but the German border. In 9 months they gained up to 20 miles another million dead, same for Germans.
Skirmishes in World War 1 about 100 years ago.